Same citation as Corchorus capsularis L., Species Plantarum (1753). The plants are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2–4 m, unbranched or with only a few side branches. These two species of Corchorus are known as ewedu in Yoruba and they belong in the family Malvaceae.. Corchorus olitorius is a herbaceous plant with few branches. ), belonging to the Malvaceae family, is an important natural fiber crop, second only to cotton, and a multipurpose economic crop. [8], Corchorus leaves are consumed in the cuisines of various countries. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. Corchorus is a genus plant of about 40-100 species in the family Malvaceae. Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce. Systematic – From a systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Dilleniidae Subclass, Malvales Order, Malvaceae Family and therefore to the Genus Corchorus and to the Species C. olitorius. Jute fi-bers have advantages such as good moisture absorption, The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. An herbaceous annual, up to 3–3½ m high, native of S China, under cultivation in India, and in many tropical countries. Rhizanota cannabina Lour. Family Sparrmanniaceae Scientific name Corchorus capsularis L. WildNet taxon ID 35925 Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of … B. Pl. The leaves and young shoots are eaten as a vegetable in Europe and as a potherb in West Africa. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. Latin name: Corchorus capsularis Family: Tiliaceae (Linden Family) Medicinal use of Jute: The leaves are appetizer, carminative, demulcent, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. Molokhia or Jute Malva (Corchorus olitorius L.) is a shrubby species belonging to the Malvaceae family. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … noun. Stirp. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). Usually it is lightly sauteed and eaten along with rice or rice gruel. Jute (Corchorus spp.) An infusion is used in the treatment of dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia and liver disorders. Unreviewed-Annotation score: ... Family and domain databases. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E.[citation needed]. It is a favorite food during the summer months, especially in Sambalpur and the western part of Odisha. Sequence archive. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. In Nigerian cuisine, especially amongst the Yorubas, it is commonly used in a stew known as ewedu, a condiment to other starch-based foods such as amala or added with gbegiri a local nigeria soup. In Turkey and Cyprus, the plant is known as molohiya or molocha and is usually cooked into a kind of chicken stew. Allerton 366 (1796), nom. Corchorus capsularis is called White Jute and Corchorus olitorius is called Tossa Jute. [9] The leaves of Corchorus have been a staple Egyptian food since the time of the Pharaohs and it is from there that it gains its recognition and popularity. illeg. either of two Old World tropical yellow-flowered herbaceous plants, Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius, cultivated for their strong fibre: family Tiliaceae. Corchorus olitorius. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It is featured in cuisines from Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Tunisia. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The leaves are alternate, simple, lanceolate, 5–15 cm long, with an acuminate tip and a finely serrated or lobed margin. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance.In the trade there are usually two names of jute, White and Tossa. [12] In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. 1. The flowers are small (2–3 cm diameter) and yellow, with five petals; the fruit is a many-seeded capsule. Family as entered in IPNI Tiliaceae Original Data Remarks Cosmop. Jute (Corchorus spp. Corchorus capsularis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. Media in category "Corchorus capsularis" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. Jute is confusingly applied to any plant of the genus Corchorus and to its fiber. The chief sources of the fiber are the two species of Corchorus plant: C olitorius and C capsularis . trop Links Replaced synonym of Corchorus cordifolius Salisb., Prodr. 529 1753 . Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. x; UniProtKB. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. Corrections? 2003. Among more than 50 Corchorus species [2], only two (C. capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) are grown com-mercially in subtropical and tropical regions [3]. It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius , the main source of jute. They use it to cook a sauce called (Miyan Ayoyo) which is commonly served with Tuwon Masara or Tuwon Allebo. It is commonly consumed as a leafy vegetable together with bamboo shoots.[13]. The genus Corchorus is classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. Corchorus capsularis (5001305158).jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 1.22 MB Different common names are used in different contexts, with jute applying to the fiber produced from the plant, and jute mallow leaves for the leaves used as a vegetable. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables . Updates? The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. The taste resembles that of spinach and samphire. Family: Tiliaceae – Linden family Genus: Corchorus L. – corchorus Species: Corchorus capsularis L. – jute A. Whitlock, K. G. Karol, and W. S. Alverson. ex Gomes Homonyms Corchorus capsularis L. Common names Juta in Portuguese It is used in making gunny bags. Accessed: 28-Oct-07. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. 2. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. Corchorus capsularis (Jute) Status. The Songhai people of Mali call it fakohoy. Vernacular names [ edit ] It is mostly eaten with Tuo Zaafi (food prepared with cornflour). Leaves and seeds are edible and high in protein. In Northern Nigeria it is known as Ayoyo. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae ). Corchorus capsularis is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. Protein knowledgebase. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). [7], In Sierra Leone it is known as krain krain (or crain crain) and is cooked as stew. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis (27, 36-39). UniParc. Gene expression is spatiotemporal and is influenced by many factors. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). this fibre, used in making sacks, rope, etc. In China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, it is the primary of... 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